Difference between Limited Liability Partnership vs One Person Company

llp vs one person company

Choosing the right business structure is a crucial decision for entrepreneurs and business owners, as it significantly impacts the way a business operates and the level of liability its stakeholders assume. Two popular business structures that cater to specific needs and preferences are the Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) and the One Person Company (OPC).

In this comparison, we'll explore the key features of both LLP and OPC, shedding light on their distinct characteristics, advantages, and suitability for different types of businesses. Whether you are considering the flexibility of an LLP or the individual ownership convenience of an OPC, understanding these structures is vital for making informed decisions about your business's legal framework.

One Person Company and Its Features

A One Person Company (OPC) is a type of business structure that allows a single individual to establish a company, giving them the benefits of a separate legal entity while being the sole owner and director. The concept of OPC was introduced to support solo entrepreneurs and facilitate easier business operations. Here are some key features of a One Person Company:

  1. Single Owner: As the name suggests, an OPC is owned by a single person, who is also the sole shareholder and director of the company.
  2. Limited Liability: One of the main advantages of OPC is that it provides limited liability to the owner. This means that the individual's assets are generally protected from the company's debts and liabilities.
  3. Separate Legal Identity: An OPC is like its own person in the eyes of the law, different from its owner. It can own things, make agreements, and take legal action using its own name.
  4. Nominee Director: To ensure continuity in the event of the owner's incapacitation or death, an OPC must nominate a person as a nominee director. This individual will take over the affairs of the company in such situations.
  5. No Minimum Capital Requirement: Unlike some other business structures, there is no mandatory minimum capital requirement for starting an OPC.

Limited Liability Company and Its Features

A Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) is a legal business structure that combines elements of both a partnership and a corporation. It provides its owners, known as partners, with limited liability protection, similar to shareholders in a corporation. An LLP is a popular choice for certain professional services and businesses. Here are the key features of an LLP:

  1. Limited Liability: In an LLP, the idea of "limited liability" means that the personal belongings of the partners are usually safe from the debts and problems of the business. Each partner is only responsible for what they invested in the LLP.
  2. Separate Legal Identity: A Limited Liability Partnership is seen as its own person in the eyes of the law, separate from its partners. It can make deals, own things, and take legal action using its own name.
  3. Flexibility in Management: The partners have flexibility in managing the day-to-day operations of the LLP. They can define their roles and responsibilities in the LLP agreement.
  4. No Minimum Capital Requirement: There is no mandatory minimum capital requirement for forming an LLP, providing flexibility in terms of initial investments.
  5. Pass-through Taxation: Like a traditional partnership, an LLP generally follows a pass-through taxation system. Profits and losses pass through to the individual partners, who report them on their personal tax returns.

Key Differences between a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) and a One Person Company (OPC) 

Here is a difference between a limited liability partnership (LLP) and a one-person company (OPC) in table format:


Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

One Person Company (OPC)


Multiple partners

Single individual (sole owner)

Limited Liability

Yes, partners enjoy limited liability

Yes, owner enjoys limited liability

Separate Legal Entity

Yes, distinct from its partners

Yes, distinct from the owner


Flexible management structure; partners can manage 

Sole director manages the company

Nominee Requirement

Not required

Nominee director required in case of the owner's absence

Minimum Capital

No minimum capital requirement

No minimum capital requirement

Conversion Option

Can convert to a private limited company

Can convert to a private limited company

Compliance Requirements

 Moderate compliance requirements

Moderate compliance requirements

Ideal For

Professional services,small-sized businesses

 Sole entrepreneurs, individuals


Choosing between a limited liability partnership (LLP) and a one-person company (OPC) is a critical decision that impacts ownership, liability, control, taxation, and compliance. Carefully evaluate your business goals, risk tolerance, and long-term plans to make an informed choice. Seeking professional advice can help navigate the complexities of business structure selection and ensure that your chosen structure aligns with your objectives.

(FAQs) Frequently Asked Questions 

Q1. Can an LLP be formed with just one member?

Ans1: No, an LLP must have at least two designated partners at the time of registration.

Q2. What are the key differences between an LLP and a partnership firm?

Ans2: An LLP provides limited liability to its partners, while a traditional partnership does not.

Q3. Are LLPs more suitable for certain industries or businesses?

Ans3: LLPs are often favoured by professionals like lawyers, accountants, and consultants due to their liability protection and tax benefits.